For hundreds of years, people were trying to understand what dreams meant. The ancient Greeks and Romans often reported dreams, which carried messages from the gods.
Solving the Mystery: The 5 Types of Dreams and What They Mean
Such messages played an important role in battles and it is said that dreams were used as advisory means to military leaders during the war. In ancient Egypt, people who could interpret the meaning of dreams were highly regarded, while in the Bible , there are over seven hundred reports or stories related to dreams. Also, stories associated with the birth of Muhammad , contain significant events that were foretold in dreams, including the date of his birth and his name.
Moreover, some natives of America and Mexico believed that the dream world is a different world than the one we are living in while we are awake. In Europe , especially in the Middle Ages, people believed that dreams were evil and that they could lead people to perform evil deeds. In the early twentieth century, two great scientists have developed two different theories about dreams.
Freud believed that dreams are full of hidden meanings. He tried to understand dreams in order to understand people and the way they were thinking or acting in different ways. He believed that every thought and deed has deeper motivations and that there could be found the well-buried motile forces of our thoughts and actions. Freud gave a key to the interpretation of dreams, helping people to solve problems and self-analyse themselves. For example, Freud said that those who dream of flying or floating want to be released from their childhood.
Unravelling the mysteries of sleep: how the brain 'sees' dreams
The Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung worked for several years close to Freud , but he differentiated in his interpretation of dreams. He believed that through dreams people could find help to mature and gain understanding of themselves. Dreams have much to show us about ourselves and our relationships with others.
Although, Jung believed that dreams carry hidden feelings associated with sexual and aggressive drives, unlike Freud, he pointed the focus of his interpretation of dreams in the exact opposite direction- in a more humanistic approach, suggesting that people continuously try to develop their capabilities in order to become better beings. Today, the science that studies dreams has evolved and we can watch what is happening in the brain of someone who is dreaming.
According to the illustrations of brain functioning during a dream, a lot of activity is presented in the visual area and in the areas related to emotions , while little activity occurs in the areas responsible for logical reasoning. Probably, this may explain the fact that what we see in dreams seems to be strange and difficult to understand, and even more difficult to express. Our eyes move swiftly back and forth while the eyelids are closed.
During sleep, our brainwaves go through various stages, and the REM stage is the fourth one. We enter this stage four to seven times at night while we sleep. During that time, our body does not move at all and that is when we dream. This is true even for those who say that they do not dream at all, because everyone does, but some people cannot remember their dreams.
A part of the scientific research that has been conducted concerning dreams is the study of brain activity during sleep , with the use of electroencephalogram. It has been found that when we dream the part of the brain responsible for emotions is particularly active. Instead, the frontal part of the brain is much less active.
There lies the centre of our higher cognitive functions such as organization and memory.
A quick history of dream research
Researcher Rosalind Cartwright , who works at the research centre of dreaming disorders in Chicago, states that dreams are similar to memories , which are associated with emotions rather than thoughts, placed one above the other. Other researchers suggest that we can cope with problems and strongly negative feelings through dreams. Do you dream? Do you create pictures and stories in your mind as you sleep? Today, we are going to explore dreaming. People have had ideas about the meaning and importance of dreams throughout history.
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Today brain researchers are learning even more about dreams. Dreams are expressions of thoughts, feelings and events that pass through our mind while we are sleeping. People dream about one to two hours each night. We may have four to seven dreams in one night. Everybody dreams.http://nttsystem.xsrv.jp/libraries/69/nagiz-whatsapp-mitlesen-am.php
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But only some people remember their dreams. The word "dream" comes from an old word in English that means "joy" and "music. We dream in color. Sometimes we dream the same dream over and over again. These repeated dreams are often unpleasant. They may even be nightmares -- bad dreams that frighten us. Artists, writers and scientists sometimes say they get ideas from dreams.
For example, the singer Paul McCartney of the Beatles said he awakened one day with the music for the song "Yesterday" in his head. The writer Mary Shelley said she had a very strong dream about a scientist using a machine to make a creature come alive.
When she awakened, she began to write her book about a scientist named Frankenstein who creates a frightening monster. People have been trying to decide what dreams mean for thousands of years. Ancient Greeks and Romans believed dreams provided messages from the gods. Sometimes people who could understand dreams would help military leaders in battle. In ancient Egypt, people who could explain dreams were believed to be special.
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In the Christian Bible, there are more than seven hundred comments or stories about dreams. In China, people believed that dreams were a way to visit with family members who had died. Some Native American tribes and Mexican civilizations believed dreams were a different world we visit when we sleep. In Europe, people believed that dreams were evil and could lead people to do bad things. Two hundred years ago, people awakened after four or five hours of sleep to think about their dreams or talk about them with other people. Then they returned to sleep for another four to five hours.
Early in the twentieth century, two famous scientists developed different ideas about dreams. Austrian psychiatrist Sigmund Freud published a book called "The Interpretation of Dreams" in nineteen hundred. Freud believed people often dream about things they want but cannot have. These dreams are often linked to sex and aggression. For Freud, dreams were full of hidden meaning. He tried to understand dreams as a way to understand people and why they acted or thought in certain ways.
Mystery Of Dreams
Freud believed that every thought and every action started deep in our brains. He thought dreams could be an important way to understand what is happening in our brains. Freud told people what their dreams meant as a way of helping them solve problems or understand their worries. For example, Freud said when people dream of flying or swinging, they want to be free of their childhood. When a person dreams that a brother or sister or parent has died, the dreamer is really hiding feelings of hatred for that person.
Or a desire to have what the other person has. Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung worked closely with Freud for several years. But he developed very different ideas about dreams. Jung believed dreams could help people grow and understand themselves. He believed dreams provide solutions to problems we face when we are awake. He also believed dreams tell us something about ourselves and our relations with other people. He did not believe dreams hide our feelings about sex or aggression.
Today we know more about the science of dreaming because researchers can take pictures of people's brains while they are sleeping.
In nineteen fifty-three, scientists discovered a special kind of sleep called REM or rapid eye movement. Our eyes move back and forth very quickly while they are closed. Our bodies go through several periods of sleep each night.
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